By Martin Haspelmath
The sequence builds an in depth number of top of the range descriptions of languages world wide. every one quantity deals a accomplished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a thesaurus and different appropriate details that's to be had at the language in query. There aren't any regulations as to language family members or region, and even supposing specific recognition is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and important remedies of higher identified languages also are integrated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the one criterion is a excessive regular of medical caliber.
Read Online or Download A Grammar of Lezgian PDF
Best foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books
Colloquial Cambodian is straightforward to take advantage of and an important advisor that's in particular written by way of an skilled instructor for self-study or category use, the direction provide you with a step by step method of written and spoken Cambodian. No past wisdom of the language is required.
What makes Colloquial Cambodian your best option in own language learning?
* interactive - plenty of workouts for normal practice
* transparent - concise grammar notes
* functional - beneficial vocabulary and pronunciation guide
* whole - together with resolution key and distinctive reference section.
CDs accompany the direction that will help you with listening and pronunciation talents. by way of the top of this profitable path it is possible for you to to speak with a bit of luck and successfully in a extensive variety of events.
No matter if you don't like crossword puzzles, you'll prove loving those. Designed for mother-tongue or thoroughly fluent audio system of French desirous to increase their English talents, the puzzles can also be exciting to English audio system. they're formatted in order that each one puzzle will be solved in 15 to half-hour.
Kyrgyz is a Turkic language, it really is spoken through a few 3,5 million humans in Kyrgyzstan and its neighbouring nations (Uzbekistan, China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Kazakstan). it truly is spoken within the valleys and plateaus of the Tianshan and Pamir-Alai Mountain levels (e. g. Ch? i Valley, Talas Valley, Kara-Tegin).
- Modern German Grammar
- Hebrew at the Crossroads of Cultures: From Outgoing Antiquity to the Middle Ages
- Pali Grammar
- The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning French on Your Own
- Grundfragen der Elektronischen Lexikographie: Elexiko - das Online-Informationssytem zum Deutschen Wortschatz
Additional resources for A Grammar of Lezgian
The Lezgian national movement Sadwal ("Unity") was founded in 1990. Lezgians living far from Lezgistan are increasingly interested in preserving their national heritage. The territorial division of Lezgistan between Daghestan and Azerbaijan is seen as a big problem by many Lezgians. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991/92, the Lezgians found themselves in two different countries: Russia (of which Daghestan is a part) and Azerbaijan. 4. The ethnonym Lezgian The word Lezgian corresponds to the Lezgian self-designation lezgi 'Lezgian' (Russian lezginskij, lezgin).
In Azerbaijan, the Lezgians live in the Kusarskij, Kubinskij, Xudatskij, KutkaSenskij and Kunaxkentskij rayons. Further geographical details can be found on the map on the following page (adapted from Mejlanova 1964). 3. Some remarks on Lezgian history References to a Daghestanian people Legoi, Lekoi or Geloi can be found in several ancient writers (Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny the Elder). This probably refers to the Daghestanian peoples in general. Arab authors of the 9th and 10th centuries mention a kingdom Lakz in southern Daghestan.
Many words such as the following are exclusively poetic today: (20) Arabic loanwords iasad muTmin riwajat 'body' 'pious' 'story' < jasad < muTmiin < riwaayat (21) Persian loanwords bed bejadalat 'bad' . 'unjust' < bsed < bi-sedalset The strongest influence on Lezgian over the past couple of centuries has been Turkic. The Turkic influence on Daghestanian languages has two sources. On the one hand, the Turkic language Kumyk is spoken in some key areas of Daghestan, including the area of the old Daghestanian capital Temir-Xan-Sura (later renamed Bujnaksk) and the present capital Maxaikala (formerly Port-Petrovsk), and it used to serve as a language of interethnic communication in most of Daghestan (cf.