Download A Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison by James E. Seaver PDF

By James E. Seaver

Mary Jemison used to be the most well-known white captives who, after being captured by means of Indians, selected to stick and stay between her captors. in the middle of the Seven Years War(1758), at approximately age fifteen, Jemison used to be taken from her western Pennsylvania domestic via a Shawnee and French raiding occasion. Her kin used to be killed, yet Mary was once traded to 2 Seneca sisters who followed her to exchange a slain brother. She lived to outlive Indian husbands, the births of 8 teenagers, the yankee Revolution, the battle of 1812, and the canal period in upstate manhattan. In 1833 she died at approximately age 90.

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Sample text

With the defeat of the French by British forces in Quebec in 1763, the French missions, traders, forts, and communities came under British control. The Proclamation Line of 1763 represented Britain's attempt to keep its promises to Iroquois and other Indian allies by restricting white settlement east of the Appalachians. But British policy on the frontier failed to separate whites from Indians, and by 1775 antagonism was rife. As the opening shots at Lexington and Concord marked the onset of the Revolution in the east, shots between a variety of Woodland Indians and backcountry settlers and speculators defined the Revolution on the western border.

The captivity genre endured over the entire history of white settlement of each new frontier. Certain themes and actions remained constant; others changed with the time and place, as well as with the sex and age of the captive. Narratives also were affected by the characteristics of the particular Indian group taking prisoners. The best-selling captivity narratives were about known members of frontier communities, whether recently returned or forever "lost" to Indian or French captors. Some narratives are verifiable in colonial and state records, diaries, sermons, travelers' accounts, newspapers, or military and court records.

Their power was great, but it was shared with women. Even labor, often cited as being rigidly divided between Indian men and women, was not so among the Senecas. 29 Seneca women had full responsibility for the planting, gathering, and harvesting that was critical to community survival. In western New York the snow comes early and the winters are long and severe. In deep snows and cold weather it is difficult to hunt, and tracking game is an uncertain enterprise. Hunting, when successful, provided needed protein and variety in the Seneca diet, but crops gathered and stored in underground caches for the winter were a significant and often a more predictable part of the diet from December through March.

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