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By Gloria Vivenza

This e-book defines the connection among the idea of Adam Smith and that of the ancients--Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, and the Stoics. Vivenza bargains an entire survey of Smith's writings to demonstrate how classical arguments formed critiques and scholarship within the eighteenth century.

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Extra resources for Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

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Schiaparelli (1873), 416: the theory of epicycles, in reality ‘invented by certain anonymous Pythagoreans and submitted to geometric study by Apollonius, furnished a convenient basis for the application of geometry and trigonometric calculus’. b a NATURAL PHILOSOPHY 25 and transmitted to later centuries by Ptolemy. By means of successive refinements Ptolemy was able to lend some coherence to the speed and direction of celestial motions, and thus meet the more and more exacting demands imposed by the imagination.

309: ‘the Pythagorean of the Christian period could even maintain that the Philosophers of the Academy and the Lyceum had stolen their so-called discoveries, one and all, from Pythagoras’. In reality the opposite was true: ibid. n. 2; pp. 505–6. 58 ‘HA’ ii. 12. Aristotle, Met. 985 23–6, states that the Pythagoreans, the first to advance the study of mathematics, believed that the principles of the latter underlay everything: cf. Abbagnano (1961), i. 23–4; Zeller (1881), i. 369, 372. Smith's methodology of ‘familiarity’ or ‘analogy’, which he also applied to economics and moral philosophy (Skinner (1972), 315–16, 318–19; cf.

28. 113 ‘HALM’ 3, n. Cf. the editorial notes in the recent Oxford editions of TMS and WN, as well as Scott (1940), 87–8. 114 Here too, however, Smith gives rein, if briefly, to his taste for conjectural reconstruction of the past, and explains as obvious the fact that a philosopher who lived in the days when the subject was just beginning should have considered matter and form to predate the world and to have been separate from it ab aeterno. His briefer references to the various views adopted at different times by Aristotle emphasize the care with which the latter examined Plato's formulations, before he concluded that they were incapable of meeting the requirements imposed by the imagination.

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