By Keith W. Waldron
This publication offers a entire and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion approaches utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the booklet stories advancements in biorefining tactics, by means of a overview of other sorts of biorefinery platform. the second one half the booklet discusses the big variety of extra price items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.
Read Online or Download Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation PDF
Best waste management books
The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide components is a modern and definitive compilation of chemical homes of all the actinide parts, specially of the technologically vital components uranium and plutonium, in addition to the transactinide parts. as well as the great remedy of the chemical homes of every aspect, ion, and compound from atomic quantity 89 (actinium) via to 109 (meitnerium), this multi-volume paintings has really expert and definitive chapters on digital concept, optical and laser fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, organoactinide chemistry, thermodynamics, magnetic homes, the metals, coordination chemistry, separations, and hint research.
The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide parts is a modern and definitive compilation of chemical houses of the entire actinide components, particularly of the technologically vital components uranium and plutonium, in addition to the transactinide parts. as well as the great therapy of the chemical homes of every point, ion, and compound from atomic quantity 89 (actinium) via to 109 (meitnerium), this multi-volume paintings has really expert and definitive chapters on digital conception, optical and laser fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, organoactinide chemistry, thermodynamics, magnetic houses, the metals, coordination chemistry, separations, and hint research.
This hugely sensible reference provides for the 1st time in one quantity all kinds of environmental degradation a metal compound may perhaps suffer in the course of its processing, garage, and repair. Clarifying common and localized corrosion results, Environmental Degradation of Metals describes the results of atmospheric publicity, high-temperature gases, soil, water, susceptible and powerful chemical compounds, liquid metals, and nuclear radiation.
- Handbook of Environment and Waste Management: Volume 2: Land and Groundwater Pollution Control
- Handbook of Environmental Analysis: Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes, Second Edition
- Geotechnical risk in rock tunnels: selected papers from a course on Geotechnical Risk in Rock Tunnels, Aveiro, Portugal, 16-17 April 2004
Additional resources for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
2 shows how one step change in a process can avoid further fossil resource deletion by recycling waste. But there are smarter ways of using food supply chain waste: this type of co-product is rich in chemical compounds and it is important to take advantage of that resource before using it for energy generation. The food supply chain generates a high amount of waste, even at a pre-consumer stage. Around 89 million tons of food waste is generated every year in the EU-27 (Bio Intelligence Service, 2010).
In addition, when using waste, several criteria need to be considered in order to make sure the feedstock chosen is going to be used over the long term. Volumes available, occurrence in several geographical locations, guaranteeing a regular supply throughout the year, chemical functionalities present, extractables recoverable and their value as well as fitting the feedstock with appropriate green chemical technologies are all important parameters to consider when selecting a waste by-product for valorization.
They are described as follows: 1. 2 kJ/g, which can be demineralized to avoid alkali corrosion during combustion due to the formation of alkali ash. 2. Bio-oil (21 wt%) with a reduced water (1%) and acid content (pH 7) compared to oils obtained by fast pyrolysis at temperature above 350°C, requiring less downstream processing to be used in blends with crude oil for chemical and fuel production. 3. An aqueous solution (36 wt% together with the second aqueous fraction) made of formic acid, formaldehyde, acetic acid and acetaldehyde, all of which represent interesting starting materials for further downstream chemistry.