By Mladen Domazet
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Extra resources for Alice Returns From Wonderland: Ontological Frameworks for Explanation from Contemporary Quantum Theories
After decades in which everyone talked about entanglement but no one did anything about it, physicists have begun to do things with entanglement. (Popescu & Rohrlich, 1998, introduction) Though the principle/constructive theories distinction appeared before Einstein (Howard, 2004) he brought it into a sharper focus in his philosophy of science, particularly his justiﬁcations of the methodology used in the derivation of the Special Theory of Relativity. Most theories in physics are constructive theories, theories that go hand-in-hand with 38 Part I: SIMPLE PARTS, COMPLEX EXPLANATIONS reductive explanations of observed phenomena in terms of causal interactions between foundational entities.
E. better alignment with what is really going on in the physical world). Einstein saw the realistic interpretation of the quantum formalism to be attacking the important principle of separability, the one he claimed the whole of physics (and we might project even further: the whole of common sense conceptual scheme) rested on. e. become operationally distinct). When a measurement of a certain property is performed on the system A, the outcome of the measurement together with the laws of the formalism, immediately assigns a new state to the distant system B.
INTRODUCTION 15 Finally, in terms of explanation, explanations aiming at the uniﬁcation conception of understanding (those of our principle approach) primarily focus on uncovering the unity that underlies the apparent diversity of the observed phenomena, without particular reliance on causality. Explanations in the manner of the causal conception of understanding (our constructive approach) highlight the structural mechanisms that cause the observed phenomena. In that they can be seen as a subset of the uniﬁcation-type if the causal picture is presented as the unity behind diverse phenomena, but needn’t in those cases where the structural mechanisms, characterised as fundamental for other reasons, break the unity and only partially account for the diverse set of phenomena.