By Asle Toje
This ebook offers a provocative research of kinfolk among Europe and the USA throughout the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing european overseas coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the US were an important in shaping the rising european strategic tradition. The e-book demanding situations proven orthodoxy in regards to the sui generis nature of the eu Union. via specified case-studies, it exhibits how the U.S. prompted judgements throughout the early life of the european international and protection coverage: throughout the 1999 Kosovo conflict, the european and NATO expansion procedures, and the 2003 Iraq situation. even if, the ebook argues that even if coverage ends will be lead by means of the USA, the ecu is starting to be more and more convinced in identifying distinctively ‘European’ potential to accomplish those objectives. those findings have very important implications for realizing either the ecu as a overseas coverage actor and of the EU-US partnership at the beginning of the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies)
This argument sees integration as a bulwark against a return to Europe’s troubled past of national interest-driven policies, military power balances and war as final arbiter. According to this rationale, integration is a goal in itself because the alternative is a self-propelling process that could again plunge the region into conflict and zero-sum competition. 62 Although the EU does not have an explicit collective defence article, the Union clearly affords its members collective security. 63 What makes the EU different from past alliances is that the treaty underlining the cooperation clearly articulates common values.
M. 68 Needless to say, perhaps, this study is concerned not only with the attitudes and beliefs that flow from a distinctive European experience, but also with the EU style in terms of behaviour. 69 The strategic culture approach focuses on how decision-makers understand and interpret the main attributes of the international system in which they operate and how these assessments influence their views on security policy. The approach is based on the assumption that concepts are tools to be applied, not declarations of faith.
Unlike, for example, NATO, the EU has proved itself to be unwilling to compromise on these values when reviewing membership applications. Values are the glue that holds the EU together and are an important factor in why EU membership is so attractive to emerging democracies. The values underpinning the EU are evident in its treaties. Policy-making in the EU is a dynamic process through which interests and objectives emerge as a result of interaction at the domestic, national and European level.