By David Eldridge
В этой книге предлагается краткий обзор главных культурных событий Америки в 30-х годах XX века: в области литературы и театра, музыки и радио, кино и фотографии, живописи и дизайна, а также ведущей роли федерального правительства в развитии искусств. Книга помогает понять культурные импульсы радикализма, национализма и бегство от действительности, характерные для Соединенных Штатов в 1930-е.Образцы сканов:
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75 And Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered an assessment that continues to resound in most historical accounts, summing up the President as: ‘A second class intellect. But a first-class temperament’. 20 American Culture in the 1930s For Holmes, though, it was the second part of his assessment that mattered most – and historians often hold Roosevelt’s character, energy and empathy to have informed the New Deal’s activism and positive engagement with ‘the people’, as much as his intellect informed its eclecticism.
Boas’s students, particularly Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead, popularized this new definition for The Intellectual Context 23 American readers, especially when Benedict’s Patterns of Culture became an unlikely bestseller in 1934, capturing the public imagination with her vivid descriptions of the Dobu culture of New Guinea, the Pueblo culture of the American southwest and the Native Americans of the Great Plains. 91 Many intellectuals were as disquieted as they had been in the past by the particular ‘American cultural patterns’ they saw developing in the 1930s.
86 Even some of the New Deal’s ‘failures’ are attributed to a politically ‘Machiavellian’ side of Roosevelt’s character – as in his decision not to alienate white Southern Democrats by preventing an anti-lynching bill from being passed, or the fact that his ‘duplicity’ provided a rallying point for opposition to coalesce against his plans to reform the Supreme Court. Obviously, this is problematic. Roosevelt the man was not synonymous with the New Deal, and the whole administration, intellectuals, senators, congressmen, state politicians, lobbyists, the labour movement, farmers groups and many ordinary citizens all helped define it.