By T. Douglas Price
Even if occupied basically quite in short within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating previous human societies. the realm used to be primarily unoccupied till the top of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left at the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be ultimately coated through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric continues to be of human task in Scandinavia - a lot of it remarkably preserved in its bathrooms, lakes, and fjords - have given archaeologists a richly designated portrait of the evolution of human society. during this publication, Doug rate offers an archaeological background of Scandinavia-a land mass comprising the trendy nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's past booklet, Europe earlier than Rome, old Scandinavia offers overviews of every prehistoric epoch by way of unique, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and accomplished photograph emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter - gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a long time, which culminated within the astonishing upward push of the Vikings. the cloth proof of those prior societies - arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock paintings, superbly wrought weaponry, Viking warships - supply bright testimony to the traditional people who as soon as referred to as domestic this usually unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable international.
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Additional info for Ancient Scandinavia: An Archaeological History From the First Humans to the Vikings
The Archaeological Research Laboratory at the University of Stockholm was established in 1976. Its first director was Birgit Arrhenius, professor of archaeological science. The best-known Swedish archaeologist of the later twentieth century was probably Carl Axel Moberg (1915–1987). Moberg was based in Göteborg and played a primary role in the development of both the Archaeology Museum and the Department of Archaeology at the University. Moberg was unusually open-minded and had a deep interest in the nature of archaeological enquiry (Malmer 1988).
In 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark was forced to give Norway to Sweden and Helgoland (a small group of islands in the North Sea, ca. 60 km northwest of the mouth of the Elbe) to England. Sweden lost Finland to the Russian tsar. In 1864, Schleswig-Holstein was taken from Denmark after another war with Prussia. Norway was granted autonomy and a constitution on May 17, 1814, but remained in union with Sweden until it became peacefully independent in 1905. Iceland received its independence from Denmark in 1945, and Greenland obtained home rule from the Danes in 1979.
The first reliable evidence of human occupation in northern Europe dates from around 13,000 BC.